The Texas government is far more complex than many state governments, which makes it difficult to regulate. It is modeled in a very similar way as the federal government—it has an executive, legislative, and judicial branch. However, they all face their own issues that make them very difficult to deal with and coordinate.
The legislative branch is perhaps the most flawed. Because of their influence in the lawmaking process, coupled with weak legislation around bribes and special interest groups, the legislative branch tends to get bogged down with niche interests and with voting in favor of personal interests. Additionally, it meets infrequently and for a relatively short sessions—leading to a lack of progress and accomplishment on derisive issues.
The executive branch has to deal with the small number of adjustable positions. The governor only has a small level of authority in terms of appointing people to positions—which leads to the sustained positions of entrenched bureaucrats and the prevalence of conflicts of interest in the executive branch, making it ineffectual.
Finally, the judicial branch has many issues with jurisdiction and precedence. There are six different types of courts in Texas, and they all compete for jurisdiction, leading to overlapping duties and competing resolutions to cases, which causes a great deal of complexity.