The Apology or Apologia is also known as Socrates, Condemned to Death, Addresses His Judges. These first titles could lead to some confusion about the nature of the work. Explain why this confusion might occur, and describe the aspects of the text that make its true nature clear.

The word "apology" in the context of Socrates's Apology means "defense" and does not imply any admission of guilt. Socrates makes this clear as he dismisses the charges against him as false from the very beginning of his speech and proceeds to refute them, along with other accusations which have been made outside the trial.

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The words "apology" and "apologetic" often mislead readers who are unfamiliar with secondary meanings of these words as terms of art. The primary meaning of the word "apology" in modern English is an admission of culpability, accompanied by a confession of regret. Therefore, readers encountering this text for the first time might be expecting an admission of guilt from Socrates . In this legal context, however, the word "apology" means...

(The entire section contains 226 words.)

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