_____ is a term used to describe Frank Gehry’s Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao, Spain. It refers to the ideas of French philosopher Jacques Derrida.
In terms of art, I believe that what you are referring to is "Deconstructivism."
Deconstructivism is a...
...postmodern art movement began in the late 1980s.
The designs are unconventional. Its distinguishing features include "fragmenting and distorting."
Buildings such as the Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao, Spain are one of the recognizable examples that fall under this particular style.
This style encompasses graphic design, architecture, and fashion, among others, where elements that occupy the same space are "forced into new relationships." Jacques Derrida's ideas and philosophies had a direct effect on this movement. Derrida's ideas are simply the act of questioning; however, artists that adopted this form seemed mostly interested in rejecting the rules of modernism. Elements of this style involve the cutting up of materials (in whatever application is used), the overlapping placement of such, and the "sectioning" of pieces. In terms of architecture, it was seen as a way to make a break with the more traditional and "classical...forms of function." Several architects influenced by this movement include Frank Gehry and Peter Eisenman; and artist Katherine McCoy was influenced in the areas of industrial and graphic design.
More than anything...
"Deconstructing" is about disturbing the way we think about form and ultimately, it is about the discovery of new relationships.