Forster repeatedly advised in his writings to "only connect" as the antidote to animosity and enmity, but colonialism showed him otherwise. And he learned that the hard way, for Aziz is modeled after a lover that meant a good deal to him in his life. Consider the end of the novel: Aziz says, "half kissing" Fielding, that after the English leave India, they will be friends. Fielding ressponds, holding Aziz "affectionately, 'Why can't we be friends now?'" because they both want that. "But the horses didn't want it--they swerved apart; the earth didn't want it....the temples, the tank, the jail, the palace, the birds, the carrion ... didn't want it, they said in their hundred voices, "'no, not yet,'" and the sky said, 'No not here.'" As all of these aspects of nature indicate (even the horses draw apart), friendship between colonizer and colonized goes against the order of colonialism for colonialism itself is unnatural.