The Old Man and the Sea by Ernest Hemingway

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Talk about the idea of reality and appearance in The Old Man the Sea.

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Several examples of outward appearance being deceiving (or, at least, not at all indicative of reality) can be pointed to in the book. The arm-wrestler is one minor example. Two more significant examples are found in Santiago's eighty-four days without catching a fish and in the final state of the great marlin Santiago brings in.

All these examples of the inadequacy of appearance to convey reality are ultimately related to the theme of the importance of strength of spirit (or strength of will).

The man who arm-wrestles against Santiago is a big man -...

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