The majority of the allusions in A Tale of Two Cities are biblical. The most profound development in the novel—Sydney Carton's evolution from listless drunkard to self-sacrificing hero—is reminiscent of Christ's redemptive sacrifice for mankind. He puts himself in Charles Darnay's place so the other man might live and be happy with Lucie.
There are other references to Christ as well. Jerry Cruncher (whose initials are JC, a detail which is likely intentional on Dickens' part) is considered a "resurrection man" since he takes bodies from graves to sell. He is a kind of grotesque parody of a Christ-figure. Doctor Manette's liberation from the Bastille is referred to as a resurection, since Cruncher's message to Dover describes his being freed as being "recalled to life."
Aside from Biblical references, there are allusions to Greek myth in the characters of Madame Defarge and the Vengeance. They both knit as they watch the heads roll during mass executions, evoking the mythical Fates, who...
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