Tagore’s The Home and the World presents the clash between the new and old, realism and idealism, the means and the end, good and evil. Discuss the above idea.

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The Home and the World is considered Tagore's darkest work. He sets the novel during the height of the Swadeshi movement. The Swadeshi movement is born out of the dissatisfaction of Bengalis at the unjust partition of Bengal into two administrations by the British in October 1905. The British insist that the partition is necessary to make governing a much easier task, but the real reason is much more Machiavellian: the British aim to keep Indian nationalists divided is crucial to their hold on the country. The Hindus of Bengal are furious that their country will be divided into an Eastern Muslim majority and a Western Hindu majority. The Bengalis rebel with their swadeshi movement. Gandhi was a major proponent of this movement. In a nutshell, the swadeshi principle is all about Indian villages producing all the goods necessary for their survival. He didn't believe in trade between villages solely; trade is only to be a secondary means of meeting societal needs. Gandhi and...

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