Tagore talks about two types of nationalism in The Home and the World. Describe them, giving at the same time Tagore's point of view.

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Ashley Kannan | Middle School Teacher | (Level 3) Distinguished Educator

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For Tagore, the construction of two types of nationalism become vitally important in the progression of The Home and the World.  Nikhil reflects the type of nationalism that is rooted in a universal understanding that displays how human beings have freedom and rationality.  No structure should repress these universal elements.  Sandip possesses more of a localized and specific nature of nationalism, one that argues that individual context is of primary importance.  For Tagore, he uses Nikhil to reflect how universality is something that is not contingent on the temporal, and something that is more applicable to more settings.  Sandip is bound by the contingent, reflecting his fundamental characterization difference than Nikhil.  It makes sense that Tagore makes Nikhil respond to people in need, while Sandip escapes for his own benefit.  It also makes sense that Tagore develops Bimala as one who recognizes the limitations in Sandip's world view and the expansion of possibility in Nikhil's, even if it is too late.  For Tagore, both visions of nationalism can converge, but remain divergent.  In this, he is suggesting that individuals must facilitate a sense of choice between both and recognize the discipline that one requires and the contingency in which one exists.