Syme says "Don't you see that the whole aim of Newspeak is to narrow the range of thought?" See below...
Why does he think the narrowing of thought is necessary?
its from the novel 1984 by Orwell i do not really understand most of the book
In Orwell's dystopic vision of the world, the Party can only be able to consolidate and strengthen their power if all of the people are one in the same. In everything about the state, there is a desire to ensure that diversity and heterogeneity are not in existence. There is a hope to eliminate all sorts of divergent thought because this would spread out thought and differences. In such a process, the strength of Big Brother is not as present as it is if everyone thinks the same and believes in the same ideas. To "narrow the range of thought" is something that is highly consistent with the principles of the ruling government in Oceania, and can allow them to exert greater and more effective force.
The power of having a strong and wide lexicon or variety of words is the ability to be specific about thoughts or feelings or ideas that need expression. When a language is changed to limit communication, the expression of feeling or idea is oppressed.
This is happening throughout 1984... ironically, it happens regularly in many pockets of the world. Texting does this today - words become smaller for some. As technology puts more ipods in our ears, tech toys in our hands, and tools to simplify our lives, we spend less time thinking because it gets done for us. We spend less time working because tasks are completed for us. This is the danger of an over-technologized society. This is one of the messages of the book, when we stop thinking, we are susceptible to losing our humanity.
The reason for this is that the Party wants to keep the people from thinking too much. If they think, they are likely to rebel. The Party wants to make sure that people are only having the kinds of thoughts that it wants them to have.
This is why the Party is creating Newspeak. They want to limit the number of words that people know and use. This will, as Syme says, reduce the range of thoughts that people are able to have. So, by controlling the language, the Party is going to make it less likely that people will end up rebelling.
cuz im a ja