The Supreme Court of ________ declared that marriage was a civil right and that banning same-sex marriage violated that state’s equal protection and due process clauses.
D. New Jersey
E. New York
The correct answer to this question is Option C. It was the supreme judicial court of the state of Massachusetts that made this ruling. The ruling came in a case that was decided in November of 2003. The name of the case was Goodridge v. Department of Public Health.
In the Goodridge case, the Massachusetts supreme court ruled that marriage was a civil right. At that point, there was a law banning same-sex marriage in Massachusetts. The court ruled that that law was against the state constitution’s due process and equal protection clauses. This decision was very much before its time. The first gay marriages in the country were performed in Massachusetts after this decision. The decision led to something of a backlash against gay marriage. However, that backlash has clearly died down as the US Supreme Court has ruled (this year) that the right to same-sex marriage is found in the Constitution of the United States.