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Toru Dutt, one of the Indian romantics, shared space with Derozio, Sarojini Naidu, Aurobindo and Tagore. During her stay in London, she came in contact with literary figures like Grosse. Her poetry is ccharacterized by a master of language and like other Anglo-Indian writers preffered to write about her surroundings, past experiences, Indian legends and myths.
'Out Casuarina Tree' is a poem in which she talks about the memories of her childhood in context to the casurina tree. she gave a pictoral discription of the casurina tree, stands tall and strong with huge branches on her home ground in Calcutta. A creep that binds the tree which is full of coloured flowers, gave it an appearance of a scarf hung arroun the tree. She says,
''the giant-wears the scarf, and flowers are hung.''
Toru Dutt recalls the melodious song sung by the Nightingale and the kokilas while a baboon sat on the branch watching sunset as its young ones played on the bough. Water-lilies spring arround the tree and the tree looks as if covered by snow. she justifies her love with the casurina tree which is not because of its devine awesome beauty. But her attachment (root) springs from the memories of her childhood , the moments shared in the proximity of her loved ones especially her friends around the tree. Nostalgia is responsible for her craving for the tree, as she wrote,
''o sweeet compassion, loved with love intense,for your sake shall the tree be ever dear''
The impression that the tree has made on her is so strong and deep that she is always mentally connected with it. Even when she stayed in France or Italy her mind thought of the casurina tree and seemed to hear the rusting of the leaves in the murmering of the waves of the sea. She peened the love for her motherland.
The poem is an insight into the exotic beauty of nature and heartfelt human emotions . 'Our Casurina Tree' contains a masterly management of intricate rhyme scheme, enchanting description of nature and a sad eligent tone. it is a poem in which Dutts poetic cretivity is seen at its best. she eligently assimilates her sentimental attachment with the scenic beauty of nature. The use of the similies like 'like a huge python, winding round and round' makes the poem attractive. The images from nature such as 'crimson flowers', 'baboon', 'water lilies' etc are staed with force and clarity. The allegorical figures that bring the poem to a conclusion of love and oblivion are proceeded by the quotation from Wordworth. The poem by Toru Dutt is is an expression of intense pain on the loss of her loved ones. As is stated by Shelly,
''Our sweetest songs are those hat tell of sades thoughts.''
Toru Dutt echoes the sentiments of many other poets in her dezire to immortalise the tree. She wishes to do so as Shakespeare does in his sonnets. Here however is a tree and not a human being. Toru does not desire any moral lesson from the tree, nor is she writting a passionate love poem. Yet, it is a very moving poem, perhaps because it unites the theme of love with that of the beauty of nature in an immensely effective way.
Therefore, she says that ,
''They form, O tree, as in my happy prime
I save thee in my own loved native lime.''
This shows the pathos, as she says that she waited to join her folks (who are no more) who were dearer to her more than her life.
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