In Toru Dutt's poem, the speaker describes "Love" coming to "Flora" to hear her choice of which flower she thought should be named the "undisputed queen" of flowers. It seems that the rose and the lily had held that high regard for a long time. The "Bards of power/ Had sung their claims./ "The rose can never tower/ Like the pale lily with her Juno mien." As they discuss, the two "flower-factions" couldn't get away from the rose and the lily. They each decided that the "undisputed queen" must be "rose-red" and "lily-white." In the end, Flora gives the lotus, "rose-red" dyed,/ And "lily-white" — the queenliest flower that blows." The lotus flower is pink; the two sides have made a compromise.
The Lotus is a sonnet that bears features of the debate poem. It deals with the issue of crowning a flower as the queen. When Love looks for it, the choice cannot be made easily. Pets over the years have highlighted different aspects of the rose and lily, two contenderscontenders for the high honour, and in each case it seems that one has a better claim over the other. Two arguments - one each in favour of the rose and lily - are presented in the first eight lines of the poem. As Love's search for the perfect flower continues, the sestet sees the resolution of the argument. Love wants to have the best possible feature in "the queenliest flower that blooms". In such situation, it is the lotus which is given to Love which was not only "rose-red dyed" but also "lily-white" and is the most suitable candidate for the position of the queen of flowers. Although the poem is titled 'The Lotus', the flower is mentioned only towards the end of the poem. However, in characterising the lotus as a flower which has combined features of the rose and lily, Toru Dutt beautifully uses the so-called conflict between those two flowers to comment on the excellence of the lotus.
The 'Lotus' by Toru Dutt is a beautiful poem containing a fancy of thoughts. the poem is personified love and flora the poet has compared flowers of rose and lily. they have been treated as rivals.Rose is symbol of beauty and love where as Lily is symbol of innocence and simplicity. At the end the Lotus as declared as the queen of flowers because it has the redness of rose and whiteness of lily therefore the goddess of vegetation (flora)declared lotus as flower of beauty and grandness.
Toru Dutt is the mother of Indo Anglian poets, who died at her young age of 21 years. The sonnet "The Lotus" is written in Petrarchian style and it raises a question in its octave and resolves the problem in its sestet. Toru's love for Indian flower and hindu mythology is clearly visible in this simple poem of 14 lines.