Summarize the War of the League of Augsburg, or the Nine Years' War, between France and England.

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The War of the League of Augsburg is also known as the Nine Years' War and the War of the Grand Alliance. As two of the names suggest, it involved most of the powers of Europe, including Great Britain, the Holy Roman Empire, Saxony, and many other nations. These European...

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The War of the League of Augsburg is also known as the Nine Years' War and the War of the Grand Alliance. As two of the names suggest, it involved most of the powers of Europe, including Great Britain, the Holy Roman Empire, Saxony, and many other nations. These European powers united to restrain the territorial ambitions of Louis XIV of France. Louis's most powerful opponent, and the de facto leader of this alliance, was William III of England, whose rightful claim to the crown of England was one of the issues contested in the war. William had, at the invitation of England's Parliament, accepted the crown of England, deposing James II, the Stuart monarch who had close ties to Louis. The war took place throughout Europe, including a French-supported uprising in Ireland and fighting in the Netherlands, Saxony, and elsewhere in Germany. It also spread to English and French colonies, where English colonists called it "King William's War." Native peoples allied with the French attacked English settlements on the frontier, and the bloody fighting has been cited by some historians as an important context for the Salem witch trials of 1692-1693. In Europe, the war ended in 1697 with a treaty that recognized William's claim to the throne of England and reestablished the status quo antebellum, returning the territories of most of the belligerent nations to their prewar borders. As the question suggests, this conflict would prove to be an opening salvo in almost non-stop warfare between Britain, France, and shifting allies throughout the eighteenth century. Indeed, it was followed less than five years later by a decade-long conflict between the two powers known as the War of the Spanish Succession in Europe, and Queen Anne's War in the English colonies.

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