Summarize When Work Disappears by William Julius Wilson.

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When Work Disappears: The World of the New Urban Poor is a 1996 book by William Julius Wilson, Lewis P. and Linda L. Geyser University Professor at Harvard University. It addresses the ongoing problem of poverty among African-Americans living in urban areas. Its account of the causes for this is controversial.

Wilson argues that racism, while certainly an issue, is actually not the most important cause of poverty in urban ghettos. Instead, he suggests that the forces of globalization, combined with issues such as lack of public transport, mean that there are fewer industrial jobs left for uneducated black male workers, leading to a cycle of poverty. He argues that a major cause of this is globalization having moved manufacturing jobs outside the...

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