Summarize the main differences between Australian society and the New Zealand multicultural reality.

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New Zealand and Australia were colonized in two different ways which have led to two different present day multicultural realities. Australia was colonized starting in 1770 by the British Lieutenant James Cook. In 1788 Britain began using Australia as a prison and settled 1500 convicts and crew on the island....

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New Zealand and Australia were colonized in two different ways which have led to two different present day multicultural realities. Australia was colonized starting in 1770 by the British Lieutenant James Cook. In 1788 Britain began using Australia as a prison and settled 1500 convicts and crew on the island. It is estimated that in the following 10 years the Indigenous population reduced by 90%. This was mostly due to the diseases and ruthless taking of land. The same Lieutenant James Cook landed on New Zealand in 1769 and began a whaling trade in the area. Much later, in 1830 Britain began to actively colonize the land. The Treaty of Waitangi was signed in 1840 by 500 chiefs. The Treaty was written to define the rights of the Maori to govern themselves, protect their culture and language, and access their own resources. While there is much debate on whether or not the British have lived up to their end of the Treaty, there is no equivalent agreement in Australia. In 1857 the Maori elected a King and developed a government that was recognizable to the British. The Maori have managed to maintain their culture and way of life. The language is relatively thriving with several full immersion schools. The Maori language is an official language of New Zealand (made official in 1987) and is therefore taught in schools and used in government. In addition, the parliament saves seats specifically for Maori representatives. Conversely, aboriginals in Australia have a less identifiably developed culture as there are many different tribes with different cultures. However, there is a black, red, and yellow flag that is flown in Australia to proclaim pride in aboriginal identity. On the other hand, Australia is seen as more welcoming to Asian immigrants. It is believed that New Zealand racial identities are seen as binary and are either Maori or settler. This has not left much room for immigrant cultures. Meanwhile, Australia has a thriving Asian immigrant community.

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It's been nearly 35 years since I lived in Australia, but from what I've been able to tell I don't think the situation has changed that much. I think you would find more similarities than differences between the Australian and New Zealand cultures.

Both areas were originally settled by immigrants - the aborigines of Australia coming from Asia and the Maoris of New Zealand coming from the islands of the South Pacific. Both received large influxes of population from western Europe, although New Zealand's European settlers were not prisoners as was the case with Australia's penal colonies. In recent times, both countries have seen increasing numbers of immigrants from Asian countries.

New Zealand probably has more ethnic diversity and accepts it more readily than does Australia, particularly in urban areas. However, both countries recognize the importance of all the cultural heritages that are contributing to the continuing development of their societies.

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