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Summarize campaigns and campaign finance for political parties.

The intersection between campaigns and campaign finance for political parties is a fraught terrain. In America, where corporations and organizations can spend unlimited money, there's regular controversy about how money impacts the goals and policies of politicians and the parties they're aligned with. There are plenty of examples of parties using money to favor one candidate over another. There's also numerous examples of politicians criticizing one another over how their campaign is financed.

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This is a hot-button issue, especially in the United States of America, where the vote for the next president will take place in November.

First, let's talk about campaigns. My New Oxford American Dictionary defines campaign as "a set of organized actions that a political candidate undertakes in an attempt to win an election."

Of course, what those "organized actions'' are often determines who will and who won't finance you, and who finances you can often lead to controversy. Let's take a look at an example...

In December of 2019, Elizabeth Warren, running to be the Democratic presidential nominee, attacked Pete Buttigieg, also running to be the Democratic presidential nominee, over his private fundraisers.

"Those doors shouldn’t be closed, and no one should be left to wonder what kind of promises are being made to the people that then pony up big bucks to be in the room," said Warren.

Indeed, money has become a central factor in campaigns across the globe, but particularly in America. In 2010, a Supreme Court case—Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission—allowed corporations and organizations to spend as much as they wanted on political campaigns.

Years earlier, another country, Canada, ruled that restrictions should be in place so that campaigns don't favor those who give them the most money.

While individual politicians can raise money through separate donors, they can also get money through their party. Most parties have their own funds that they distribute to their candidates. For example, in America there's the Democratic National Committee and the Republican National Committee.

These party committees can help out a candidate when they're in trouble or, controversially, help tip the scales in favor of one candidate over another.

Here, we might want to consider the allegation against the Democratic National Committee and their reported fundraising agreement with Hillary Clinton that was meant to help her beat other challengers, including her main opponent Bernie Sanders.

Yes, as we said from the start—the intersection of campaigns and campaigns finance and political parties is a fraught crossroads.

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