subjects and predicates i need as much information as possible about subjects and predicates

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The essential elements of thought, the subject and its predicate are all that is needed to compose a sentence; they initiator of the action and the action itself.  Because of this very essential relationship, other grammatical rules follow with necessity such as Subject/Verb Agreement.  That is, the subject must agree with its predicate in person and number.  Now, since Modern English has all but dispensed with conjugated endings, there are few changes to be made.  However, some remain such as in third-person singular when the regular verbs have an -s added to them. e.g. He/she talks.

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From my learning Latin, I find it helpful to think of the subject as being the person or thing doing the action. In the sentence, "Karen is sitting on the chair," Karen is clearly the person doing the action and so she is the subject. This is a useful way for me to think through and identify what the subject is in sentences.

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A sentence is made up of two halves, a subject and a predicate. The subject is the part of the sentence that tells what the sentence is about. The predicate is the part of the sentence that tells what the subject does. The smallest sentence is two words long, a one word subject and a one word predicted. Cats run. If the subject is understood, you can actually have a one word sentence. Run! The subject is you, and since it's a command it's understood. We call the one main subject word, a noun or pronoun the sentence centers on, a simple subject. The one word verb is the simple predicate. Subjects and predicates can both have clauses and phrases mixed in, making it a little more complicated.
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A sentence is made up of two halves, a subject and a predicate. The subject is the part of the sentence that tells what the sentence is about. The predicate is the part of the sentence that tells what the subject does. The smallest sentence is two words long, a one word subject and a one word predicted. Cats run. If the subject is understood, you can actually have a one word sentence. Run! The subject is you, and since it's a command it's understood. We call the one main subject word, a noun or pronoun the sentence centers on, a simple subject. The one word verb is the simple predicate. Subjects and predicates can both have clauses and phrases mixed in, making it a little more complicated.
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