Iliad Questions and Answers
by Homer

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Is the subject of The Iliad the wrath of Achilles?

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As the previous answer notes, The Iliad contains much more than just the wrath of Achilles, including the stories of individual Greek warrior-kings--Agamemnon, Menelaus, Nestor, Odysseus, Diomedes, the two Ajaxes--and their Trojan counterparts, chiefly Hector, but including Paris and Agenor and other Trojan warriors.  But the central element of the poem is Achilles' decision to withdraw from the battle and the consequences of that decision.  A recent translation of The Iliad emphasizes the disastrous nature of Achilles' anger at Agamemnon:

Wrath, goddess, sing of Achilles Peleus's son's/calamitous wrath, which hit the Achaians with countless ills--many the valiant souls it saw off down to Hades. . . . (Peter Green trans., I:1-3)

As translator, Green focuses on the many Greek warriors whose deaths are directly related to Achilles' withdrawal from the fight because, when Achilles withdraws his and his Myrmidons support, that void is then filled by Hector and other Trojan warriors.  During...

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