With relevant examples, discuss what the structural elements of the novel are.Please give a detailed answer.
Structural elements are what every novel has to contain. A pretty generic listing of the five key elements of any novel will include the following:
Plot: what happens in the story
Protagonist - the primary character in the story
Antagonist - anyone or anything which opposes the protagonist
Round, flat, static, dynamic, stock (types of characters)
Setting: time, place, mood of the work
Theme: the author's meaning
Internal - man vs. self, man vs. God, man vs. conscience
External - man vs. man, man vs. nature, man vs. society
Without these elements, the story becomes more of an essay. Without setting, there is no action. Without characters there is no plot or conflict. Without conflict, the work is just narrative or description. Without meaning, which is quite subjective, I admit, there is no purpose to the work.
There are various genres of novels which elevate one or more of these elements, but all of them are present in most novels, and certainly in the best literature.
I've included several enotes tools which I'm sure you'll find helpful, as well.