What are the strengths and weaknesses of collectivism?

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dkrupp87 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Collectivism is a practice by a society or group that gives more emphasis to the whole or the group over the individual. This practice became popular in the USSR and Russia right around the time of the Cold War. 


  • Usually with collectivism, their is a common goal of the group. Thus, the group works together to achieve this goal. The group takes care of one another and supports each other.
  • Individual quarrels and conflicts typically do not arise. 
  • Each member of the group determines what is needed, so there are more jobs and more meaning to the job.
  • For many, the feeling of direct connection with the group is enough. 
  • There is a sense of duty to the group, and members sacrifice for the better of the group.


  • If there are too many members, some members can become lazy and not carry their share of the work load.
  • The ability to innovate or desire to create something new is usually lost. Individuals are told what to produce and when to produce.