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Is stream of consciousness different from interior monologue and free indirect discourse?

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Free indirect discourse refers to the way the discourse of a character is told in a narrative. Discourse is "indirect" when it is told by a narrator and not quoted directly from the character; it is "free" when there are no phrases like "said that" or "thought that" which would indicate the subsequent words are those of a character.

However, narrative discourse does not have to be communicated to another character. This would be the case with an internal monologue, because the only recipient of this discourse is the narratee, the narratological name for the recipient of a narrative (opposite the narrator). The monologue is not a speech; there is no audience within the story.

The same would be true for a stream of consciousness, because there are no characters who would serve as witnesses. The difference would be that if the narrator is a character in the story, she could be the recipient of her own internal monologue, because she could be talking to herself. But a narrator in a story cannot be the recipient of a stream of consciousness, since it is the textual representation of something which no one witnesses, not even the character doing the thinking.

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The interior monologue is a technique for narration that was first used in Les Lauriers sont coupés by Édouard Dujardin in 1887. It is a compilation of thoughts and memories, wishes, ideas, and assumptions that the character has reunited throughout the different events of his or her life. The thoughts are very rational, and the thoughts occur in order and with more organization than in the stream of consciousness. The idea behind the interior monologue is to dramatize a conflict using thoughts.

Stream of consciousness is not the same as interior monologue. Stream of consciousness is a combination of thoughts and reactions presented as a flow of thoughts, and not in the organized and rational way that the interior monologue occurs. The term was first coined by William James in the thesis"The Principles of Psychology". As such, the stream is more of a manifestation of what is going on inside our minds much more than an...

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The stream-of-consciousness novel commonly uses the narrative techniques of interior monologue. Stream of consciousness is a form of writing, while, interior monologue is a narrative technique that represents the inner thoughts of a character.