The Metamorphosis Questions and Answers
by Franz Kafka

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What is the relationship between the father and son in The Metamorphosis?

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While Gregor's father has certainly seemed to exploit him, using his son to pay off his own debts while he lounges around the house eating leisurely breakfasts and taking naps, there is also some evidence that he was once in nearly as pitiable a situation as Gregor. We learn in Chapter 2 that Gregor's father had not worked for the past five years, and that these years "were the first vacation of his hard-working yet unsuccessful life." In other words, then, despite the fact that Gregor's father worked so hard, never taking time off, he never achieved any measure of success. This is not the way it should be, should it? There should be some correlation between hard work and success, shouldn't there? And yet, this older man has worked and worked and only has a "business disaster"—the one in which he accumulated the debt that Gregor now pays off—to show for it.

Similarly, Gregor works and works, and yet on the first day  ever that he has not shown up on time, his manager actually comes to...

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