In the story The Postmaster by Rabindranath Tagore explain the role of the postmaster in Ratan's life and Ratan's role in the Postmaster's life.
To a great extent, the postmaster plays a formative role in Ratan's life. He helps to give her purpose and meaning. The opening of the story is one in which Ratan wanders around Ulapur, not really having a defined reason. Yet, with the postmaster, she has this purpose. Whether it is to help him, be there for him, tend to him, or even be seen as a colleague in his struggles, Ratan recognizes fully this purpose in being. As she is an orphan and someone shown to not have a family, what the postmaster gives her is a sense of identity and a sense of purpose. The postmaster gives this to her and she understands this, worships it and is passionate about it. It is in this realm that Ratan understands what the postmaster has given to her. When he says he is leaving, her desire to go with him is because she understands what the implications are of his leaving. The purpose that she held with him is in danger of leaving, necessitating her desire to go with him. In this, there is a clear understanding of what the postmaster gave to Ratan, making his decision to leave her even more callous.
for the postmaster, is ratan anything more than a domestic help? did he care for her? if he did then why did he abandon her in the end?
The relationship between the postmaster and ratan grows through the course of the story . it emerges from the need of both of them to have a companion . The postmaster comes to a remote village from the city . He does nothave enough work to keep himself busy .
An orphan girl , Ratan provides companionship to the postmaster . One evening the postmaster tells Ratan that he is going to teach her to read . She grows closer to him and sees him as her only relative . She grows dependent on him . When the postmaster falls sick ,Ratan takes care of him and he recovers .
Ratan is heartbroken ,when he has to leave without her . She longs for him to come back , "wandering about the post office with tears streaming from her eyes " .
The postmaster gave ratan a purpose and routine in her life ,he gave her work .After he started teaching her she became closer to him ,he became her only relative and the only person she interacted with she felt she was a part of his family and took for granted that he would always be there for her.
Ratan was initially just a domestic help for the post master and later a student whom he started teaching to pass time .He had nothing much to do and missed his family she became a companion to him .When the postmaster was sick she became his nurse and mother too.
In the end though it all vanished and Ratan was left in misery it was all one sided.The postmaster left her as if she did not exist.