"The Gift of the Magi" uses logos, pathos, and ethos, but it relies primarily on pathos to tell its story. Logos is logic: facts and statistics. The story uses logos in offering us a number of facts and figures about Jim and Della's financial situation. The opening line of the story tells us that Della only has $1.87 to buy a Christmas gift for Jim. We learn that their furnished apartment costs $8 and week and that Jim's pay has recently been cut from thirty to twenty dollars a month. All of this hard information adds realism to the story and convinces us that Jim and Della are poor.
Ethos is credibility, and O'Henry undoubtedly has a believable authorial voice. We have no reason to doubt what he tells us. He speaks authoritatively.
But the story overflows with...
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