State a theme for this novel which incorporates the main reason Dickens gives for Miss Pross’ being strong enough to defeat Madame Defarge.Chapter 14 Book 3 of A Tale of Two Cities
While Charles Dickens was greatly affected by his reading of Thomas Carlysle's two volumes, The French Revolution: A History, published in 1837, and he drew many parallels between England and France in his opening chapter, Dickens still felt that the history of England's social changes were never violent, but orderly. This orderliness is displayed in the most methodical calmness of Tellson's bank, and the quiet neighborhood of Dr. Manette's house where Sydney Carton often seeks sanctuary from the world in such a tumultuous time.
This orderliness and calmness of character is what helps Miss Pross defeat the insanely vengeful Madame Defarge who, acting for herself against the family of Charles Darnay, rushes to the house of Charles Darnay so that he may not escape, nor his family. For years, the life of Madame DeFarge has been one of chaos; she has lost her brother, father, and sister in terrible deaths, and so there is no appeal to her. Instead, she pursues the path of her chaos and enters the Darnay home. But, Miss Pross, who represents British order and good sense, blocks the way for the crazed Madame Defarge by standing before the door of Lucie's chamber. She tells Madame Defarge,
"I know that your intentions are evil...and you may depend upon it, I'll hold my own against them."
Each spoke in her own language; neither undersood the other's words; both were very watchful, and intent to deduce from look and mann, what the unintelligible words meant.
..."If those eyes of yours were bed-winches," returned Miss Pross, "and I was an English four -poster, they shouldn't loose a splinter of me. No you wicked foreign woman; I am your match....I am a Briton....I am desperate. I don't care an English Two pence for myself...
...It was in vain for Madame Defarge to struggle and to strike; Miss Pross with the vigorous tenacity of love, always so much stronger than hate, clasped her tight, and even lifted her from the floor in that struggle that they had.
Miss Pross defeats Madame Defarge because love is stronger than hate, and because the British tenacity and order is superior to any other wills, especially in the Victorian Age.