State 1 observation made during the reaction of Na and H2O but not during the reaction between Ca and H2O

Expert Answers
ndnordic eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Na is a very reactive group one element which reacts rapidly with water forming a solution of sodium hydroxide. When a small piece of sodium metal is placed in a container of water, the sodium will float on the water, quickly begin reacting and releasing hydrogen gas. Because of the amount of heat liberated during this exothermic reaction the hydrogen gas can actually ignite and produce a small, almost  rocket exhaust like burning on the surface of the water. As the sodium reacts it floats on a layer of hydrogen gas and rapidly moves about the surface.  If you measure the temperature of the water, you should see an increase as the reaction proceeds.

Calcium, because it is a group two element, will also react with water, but in a slower, more controlled manner, producing calcium hydroxide.  Ca +  2 HOH --> Ca(OH)2   +  H2

neela | Student

Sodium reacts with cold water to form sodium hydroxide and hydrogen  gas.

The hydrogen gas gets displaced and  liberated.

The equation of the chemical reaction is as follows:

2N +2H2O --> 2NaOH + H2 up.

Sodium  revolves on water during the reaction.

The reaction is exothermic. There is a glow  of golden yellow flame.

The residue is colourless and alkaline.