Giving a speech encompasses the following steps:
I. Choose a topic. Something you know about or better still something that you want to learn about, i.e., a sport, a person, a hobby, an event.
2. After you choose the topic, research and look up lots of information on the internet about it. Read the information and decide what you want to say about the topic. Here is an example of a thesis statement that you might use: Pizzas are my favorite food.
3. Now you need to think of two/three reasons why pizzas are good.
A.They come in many varieties. Explain and give examples.
B. They have nutrious ingredients. Explain and give examples.
C. They are a meal all wrapped up in one food. Explain and give examples.
4. Now, you are ready to introduce your topic. Find a quotation that agrees with your point of view. Or you could use a statistic about the popularity of the pizza. or you could use an antecdote about eating pizzas. Choose one and then tell what your speech will be about. Do not say, "In my speech."" just say something like this:
(First your attention getter) Pizzas are the number one food in my house. All of my family cannot wait until Friday night because that is pizza night. (Then give your thesis statement.)
5. After the introduction, you have to figure how to finish your speech. The first part of the conclusion is a brief summary using different words than in the body your speech. Then you want to use another story or quotation to leave the audience laughing or wishing you speech was not over.
The basic rule for a speech is this: Tell them (the audience) what you are going to tell them; then tell them; then tell them what you have told them.
Giving a speech seems hard at first as does anything worth doing. The key to this or any assignment is a positive attitude. You will never succeed if you just close your mind.
Practice is also an important aspect of speech making. Actually giving the speech to your parents or siblings, tape recording it, saying it in the bathtub, whatever....this will make the speech easier to give.
Do not try to give the speech with the entire speech written down in front of you. That will make you a reader not a speaker. Use a few note cards to remind you of the order of ideas.
Last, look at the audience. It is not easy, but necessary. This will assure the audience that you are speaking with confidence even if you stomach is filled with butterflies. The key is make those butterflies fly in formation. In order words, through practice you will be in control.
Take my word for it because I have been teaching speech for over 30 years, public speaking can be fun!