Speaker A: “By nature, men are free, equal, and independent. No one can be put out of this estate and subjected to the political power of another without his own consent.” Speaker B: “The question arises about whether it is better to be loved more than feared or feared more than loved. The reply is that one ought to be both feared and loved, but it is much safer to be feared than loved.” Speaker C: “Society's interests are best served by open and free competition. The laws of nature dictate that the struggle of the marketplace produces the best results.” Speaker D: “Does anyone believe that the progress of this world springs from the mind of majorities and not from the brain of individuals?” Which speaker supports the ideals of democracy?
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Speaker A supports the ideals of democracy, Speaker C is Capitalist, Speaker D is Socialist and Speaker B is dictatorial. Remember that capitalism and socialism are also forms of democratic systems; the only difference is the driving force behind the decisions (common welfare vs. market forces, i.e. profit).
Democracy is based on principles of equality (equal rights to all in everything), a system where everyone participates in the decision-making process and political power is distributed throughout the population (in terms of government selection, everyone votes and decides). Some examples of the biggest democracies in the world are the US and India. In a democratic system, people elect their representatives, who in turn make laws and govern the country. The ideas that everyone gets to vote (as long as they are legally adults, over 18 years of age) and anyone can run for elections gives a democracy its greatest advantage.
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