Someone please help me with my research paper. My research paper is about the holocaust. Can someone please help me research and answer the following questions please? (With explaination and detail if possible)
- Definition of the Holocaust.
- What political, economic, social causes and events led to the Holocaust?
- How American and world response to the Holocaust?
- What happened to the survivor of the Holocaust?
- How the community/country tried to come back together after the Holocaust?
With research papers,such as those concerning 'The Holocaust' it is best not to panic about trying to answer the whole paper and all its subsections at once, but to construct an essay plan as a whole, and then take each section independently so that each contributes to a paper which matches the question exactly. I will take the first section - a definition of 'The Holocaust' - and perhaps you could think about submitting your other sub sections as new posts?
Our modern interpretation of the word 'holocaust' now refers mostly to Hitler's genocide against the Jewish people killed in the his concentration camps during the Second World War - but that interpretation is fairly new and begs the question of the reason why the crime was given that choice of word in particular,so you could add in a little research around that for your paper.
One of the first records of the word's use was in the middle of the thirteenth century where a sacrifice by fire, or a burnt offering related to a Greek term (holokauston) which meant something burnt whole (holo meaning whole, kalein meaning burn) so it became a biblical term for burnt offerings. Later, from about the mid nineteenth century, the word took on the wider sense of a slaughter or massacre (a catastrophe) where great numbers of people were killed deliberately. 'The Holocaust' word was used in English to refer to the anti-Jewish strategies of Hitler from the year 1942 onwards, but more as literary,rather than political, language at first.
I'll also answer the last question. It was difficult for the community to rebuild after the Holocaust, as many people lost their family members or friends. Some people moved or immigrated to the United States, others attempted to restart a life in their old homes. However, the community tried to come back together after the Holocaust through the creation of a separate Jewish state - Israel. In the Middle East, Britain had mandates, and one of them was Palestine. Since, the Holy Land for the Jews were in that area, the United Nations designated Israel as a haven for the Jews in compensation.
Because coachingcorner answered the first section, I will answer the second question.
The Holocaust arose indirectly from the aftermath of World War I. World War I was a messy ordeal that involved most of Europe because of secret alliances, a rise in nationalism (patriotic feelings for one's race or nation), a rise in militarism, and a fight over imperialism (colonies and trading ports in Asia and Africa). At the end of the first World War, because the Allied armies (primarily the British and the French) suffered great losses economically and had a high number of casualties, they wanted to place all the blame on specifically the Germans (since they were the military backing of the Central powers). Through the Treaty of Versailles, some of the things that the Germans had to do were pay reparations to the Allied forces (pay money for damages that they had caused), demilitarize the Rhineland, limit their military forces, give up their overseas colonies, and admit that they were responsible for the war (the War Guilt Clause). The Germans also had to establish a republic (they had a limited monarchy prior).
Because of the Treaty of Versailles, the Germans were absolutely embarrassed. They are very proud (as they should be, having one of the largest and most powerful armies as well as a very strong industrial economy) and when their government signed the treaty, they became very angry. They set up the Weimar Republic, which had a legislature (the Reichstag) and two executives, one is the President, who is responsible for foreign affairs, and the other is the chancellor, who is responsible for internal affairs. The president is elected and the chancellor is appointed by the Reichstag. (cue Adolf Hitler in about 10 years)
Because of the debts incurred from the war and because of the money they had to pay in reparations, the German economy was in shambles. Their economy was suffering from hyperinflation, because their currency had completely devalued, since their production had not increased (as the French ended up seizing the Ruhr Valley, where most of the industries were) and as the government was quickly printing off more money. For example, 1.26 billion marcs (German dollar) was equivalent to 1 US dollar in December of 1923. People burned money in fires because it was cheaper than buying firewood itself. People on fixed incomes and government welfare were hit the hardest.
Due to the economic problems, many people joined radical groups... where the National Socialist German Workers Party come in (aka the Nazis). The Nazis was headed by a man infamously known as Adolf Hitler. Hitler had been arrested in a Beer Hall Putsch (when he tried to overthrow the government in Bavaria, a region in Southeastern Germany). In prison, he wrote Mein Kampf, or translated as My Struggles. In his book, he wrote about his beliefs about a "Master Race" or the "Aryan Race," because these are the "pure bloods" - he referred to this as the German race. Every other race, specifically the Jews (he regarded them as a race not a culture) and the Slavs (an ethnic group in Eastern Europe), were seen as "Untermenschen" or untouchables (rise in Anti-Semitism). His intention was to make Europe Jew-free, because he saw them as evil and subhuman. Hitler believed that the Germans were entitled to all of Europe and that there needed to be a scapegoat for Germany's problems. He told the people that the Jews were responsible for Germany's loss in the First World War and that they were responsible for the economic instability (many Jews were business owners and bankers).
Hitler ran for president in 1932, but he lost against Hindenburg. However, the current Chancellor had died, and Hindenburg, not wanting to lose power or favor from the people himself, appointed Hitler as Chancellor in 1933. Then Hindenburg died in 1934, and Hitler appointed himself as Fuhrer of Germany, combining both seats. This created more problems for the Jews.
As leader, Hitler created a totalitarian state. He had people constantly spread propaganda through the arts and the media, with Joseph Goebbels in charge. This was to convince the people that the Jews were evil and that liberalism was bad. He started the Hitler Jugand (Hitler Youth) to indoctrinate young children in the Nazi ideology. He had book burnings of works of dissent and in Germany, during his rule, through public works, the economy got better and nearly achieved full employment. People rejoiced.
During this time, he had confiscated Jewish property and assets. In November of 1935, he had enacted the Nuremburg Laws which redefined German citizenship, denying it to people of Jewish descent. On Kristallnacht, the Night of Broken Glass, Jewish synagogues and businesses were vandalized by the Nazis. All Jews were required to wear the Star of David as a form of ID. Hitler also threatened January 30, 1939 that if Jewish financiers plunge Europe into World War, then he will exterminate all Jews. He invaded Poland in September 1939, where the greatest European Jewish population existed.
Here is the history that leads up to the beginning of the war. Obviously, there is so much more, like the ghettos and the concentration camps. But here is the nitty-gritty of the politics prior to all of that. Good luck!