Some people argue that solving the problem of hunger in the world requires a fairer distribution of Earth's resources while others feel that reducing population needs to be the main focus. Where do you stand? (Explain both viewpoints and why you support it)

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In order to answer this question, what you really need to do is to think about what it is that is causing hunger in various parts of the world.  Your conclusion about what causes hunger should lead to your answer about the best way to fight hunger.

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In order to answer this question, what you really need to do is to think about what it is that is causing hunger in various parts of the world.  Your conclusion about what causes hunger should lead to your answer about the best way to fight hunger.

You might believe that hunger is caused by excess population in the world.  If you believe this, you have to believe that all of the food that is being produced in the world right now (or that could be produced with reasonable effort) is not sufficient to feed everyone in the world.  This is the only way that you can really make a case for reducing population.  (Please note that you could also argue that we need to slow the growth of the population, which is a different thing than actually reducing population.)

You might also believe that hunger is caused by poor distribution of resources.  If you believe this, you have to believe that there is enough food in the world, but that A) some people are getting too much food and/or B) it is too hard to get food to people in some parts of the world.  I definitely believe that this is the case.  You can see this in the fact that so many people in the rich world are obese.  You can also see it in how much food we throw away in the United States.  There is clearly more than enough food here.  It is also true that when we try to help people who are hungry, one of the main problems is getting food to them.  For example, we might send them food, but their governments might take much of the food and sell it to line their own pockets. 

I would argue that we have the capacity to feed everyone in the world.  The problem comes from poorly distributed resources.  If we could get food to people in need, the problem would be solved.  It might also be solved if we could get them better agricultural technology so they could grow more for themselves.  It is these factors, not overpopulation, that are causing hunger.

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