Solve the initial value problem: `dy/dt = sint+1` , `y(pi/3) = 1/2` I do not know how to do it at all, especially how to find the integral of sint+1.

Expert Answers
lemjay eNotes educator| Certified Educator

`dy/dt=sint + 1`

To solve, isolate dy.

`dy=(sint +1)dt`

Then, integrate both sides.

`int dy =int(sint+1)dt`

`int dy= int sint dt + int 1dt`

To integrate, apply the formulas `int du=u +C` and `int sinudu=-cosu +C` .

`y+C=-cost +C+t +C`

Since C represents any number (constant), we may re-write the equation with one C only.

`y=-cost + t+C`

To get the value of C, use the condition y(pi/3)=1/2. So, plug-in t=pi/3 and y=1/2.



Then, isolate C.



And, plug-in the value of C to `y=-cost +t + C` .

Hence, the equation is:

`y=-cost +t + 1-pi/3`