solve 3sec^2x = 5 for 0<x<2pi

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justaguide | College Teacher | (Level 2) Distinguished Educator

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We have to solve 3*(sec x)^2 = 5 for x between 0 < x < 2*pi

3*(sec x)^2 = 5

3*(1/ cos x)^2 = 5

=> (cos x)^2 = 3/5

cos x =  sqrt (3/5) and cos x = -sqrt (3/5)

x = arc cos (sqrt(3/5))

x = 39.23 degrees and 320.768 degrees.

cos x = -sqrt(3/5)

=> x = arc cos(- sqrt (3/5))

x = 140.76 and x = 219.23

The required values of x are {39.23, 140.76, 219.23, 320.768}

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hala718 | High School Teacher | (Level 1) Educator Emeritus

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3sec^2 x = 5

First we will rewrite secx = 1/cosx

==> 3 ( 1/cosx)^2 = 5

Now we will divide by 3

==> (1/cos^2 x) = 5/3

==> cos^2 x = 3/5 = 0.6

Now we will take the square root.

==> cosx = +- sqrt(0.6)

==> cosx = +-0.7746

==> x = 39.23

For the interval (0.2pi)

==> x1= 39.23

==> x2= pi - 39.23 = 140.77

==> x3= pi + 39.23 = 219.23

==> x3= 2pi - 39.23 = 320.77

==> x = { 39.23, 140.77, 219.23, 320.77}

 

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giorgiana1976 | College Teacher | (Level 3) Valedictorian

Posted on

We know that sec x = 1/cosx

We'll raise to square:

(sec x)^2 = (1/cos x)^2

But (1/cos x)^2 = 1 + (tan x)^2

3(sec x)^2 = 3[1 + (tan x)^2]

The equation will become:

3 + 3(tan x)^2 = 5

3(tan x)^2 = 2

(tan x)^2 = 2/3

tan x = (sqrt6)/3

x = arctan [(sqrt6)/3] + kpi

tan x = -(sqrt6)/3

x = -arctan [(sqrt6)/3] + kpi

The solutions of the equation are: {arctan [(sqrt6)/3]} ; {arctan [(sqrt6)/3] + pi} ; {- arctan [(sqrt6)/3]} ; {- arctan [(sqrt6)/3] + pi}.

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