Solve: 2cos^2 - 7cosx + 3 = 0Solve exactly for special angles, to 2 decimal places otherwise.

2 Answers | Add Yours

lemjay's profile pic

lemjay | High School Teacher | (Level 3) Senior Educator

Posted on

 `2cos^2 x - 7cos x + 3 = 0`

>> Consider the trigonometric equation as a quadratic expression.

>> Then, factor.

`(2cos x - 1) (cos x - 3) = 0`

>> Set each factor equal to zero.

`(2cos x - 1 ) =0`                 and            `(cos x - 3) =0`           

`2cos x = 1`                                               `cos x = 3`

` cos x = 1/2`  

>> To solve for the angle x, ignore the factor cos x= 3. Note that the Range of a Cosine function is from -1 to 1 only. Hence, consider only the first factor.

`cos x = 1/2`   

>> To determine the value of x, refer to Unit Circle Chart or Table of Trigonometric Function for Special Angles.

 `x = 60 deg and 300 deg`

>> Since there is no indicated interval for the angle, then the general solution is:

Answer: `x_1 = 60 + k(360) `  degrees  and

              `x_2 = 300 + k(360)`  degrees

 

jeew-m's profile pic

jeew-m | College Teacher | (Level 1) Educator Emeritus

Posted on

Let cosx= t

Then,

2t^2-7t+3=0

The roots are

t1= (7+sqrt(7^2-4*2*3))/(2*2)

or

t2= (7-sqrt(7^2-4*2*3))/(2*2)

 

t1= (7+sqrt(25))/(4)

t1= (7+5)/(4)

t1= 3

 

t2= (7-sqrt(7^2-4*2*3))/(2*2)

t2= (7-sqrt(25))/(4)

t2= (7-5)/(4)

t2= 0.5

 

But -1<=cosx<=1 ; hence cosx cannot be 3.

Then cosx= 0.5

The primary solution is x= pi/3

The general solution is x=2*n*pi+-(pi/3)

 

 

 

 

 

Sources:

We’ve answered 318,994 questions. We can answer yours, too.

Ask a question