Solve 1 = (x^2)(e^x) using a numerical method

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mathsworkmusic's profile pic

mathsworkmusic | (Level 2) Educator

Posted on

Solve by a numerical method, eg the Newton-Raphson iterative method.

This improves an estimate `x_n` to `x_(n+1)` by the formula

`x_(n+1) = x_n - f(x_n)/(f'(x_n))`

where `f(x)` is the function to be solved (equated to zero) and `f'(x)` is its derivative with respect to `x`.

Here `f(x) = x^2e^x - 1`

so that `f'(x) = x^2e^x + 2xe^x - 1 = xe^x(x+2) - 1`

and `f(x)/(f'(x)) = (x^2e^x-1)/(xe^x(x+2)-1)`

First choose a starting point/estimate `x_0` of the solution. Let's try `x_0=1` . Using the iterative formula given above

`x_1 = 0.760``x_2 = 0.693``x_3 = 0.708``x_4 = 0.702` ,

`x_5 = 0.704``x_6 = 0.703``x_7 = 0.704``x_8 = 0.703`,

`x_9 = 0.703`

` `When the answers repeat we stop.

Therefore ` ``x = 0.703` to 3sf

Check there isn't another solution by looking at the graph

The graph tends to infinity for larger x and eventually tends to -1 for smaller x after a maximum of -0.5 at x approx -2.

Using the iterative method of Newton-Raphson x = 0.703 to 3sf

pramodpandey's profile pic

pramodpandey | College Teacher | (Level 3) Valedictorian

Posted on

We have


Let  us assume `x>0`



`2log(x)+x=0`         (i)

Let consider a function  f(x)=2 log(x)+x .

Solving (i) , and find the zero of f(x) stands same.

Interpret graph

x=.8  ,red line above x axis

x=.69  green line  below x axis

Here approximately we can say x=.705 ( one can estimate solution by Newton Raphson method).


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