“Sociology is a product of, and a response to, modernity.” Explain what is meant by this statement. In answering the question it should be based on classical and modern social theories such as...
“Sociology is a product of, and a response to, modernity.” Explain what is meant by this statement.
In answering the question it should be based on classical and modern social theories such as Marxism, Feminism and Structural functionalism.
I think that the modern setting has been one in which there has been emphasis on examining the relationship between the individual and society. It is here where I think that the field of sociology has been a product of modernity. Marxism, for example, arises in the Modern period as a way to explain how the individual relates to their social order through economics. Sociology emerges in the Modern period as there is greater examination on why and how "all human relations have shifted," to quote Virginia Woolf. Sociology becomes the essence of this study of the shift.
At the same time, I think that the dialogue that emerges from this study of the relationship between the individual and their social construction generates further discussion, more responses to statements asserted. For example, if Marx's ideas were a definitive statement on the nature of human identity, then the feminist movement is a response to this basic assertion. Whereas Marx sees class as the fundamental construction point of social and individual consciousness, feminism sees it as gender.
The product of the Modern period has developed a response to it. Sociology becomes a response to the statement made because there are different and varied interpretations of how the individual's construction with the social configuration has meaning and relevance. It is here where sociology can be seen as both product and response to the Modern period.