How can sociological perspective be considered as particularly important for second language planning? Please give answer in detail.
There are three major sociological perspectives that aim to analyze the fundamental concepts of everyday society at a micro-cosmically and macro-cosmically. By micro-cosmically, social perspectives aim to explore those small patterns that create the human agency for change. Through macro-cosmic analysis sociological perspective aims to explain the trends of at-large and much bigger social shareholders.
These perspectives can be applied for L2 planning because, as a social need, L2 learning must be addressed simultaneously along with many other kinds of community services.
The first of the three perspectives explores society at the microcosmic level. Introduced in the 1920's by George H. Mead (1863–1931) Symbolic Interactionism analyzes verbal, non verbal communication and symbolic communication (through icons, gestures and anything that has an alternative meaning). This is micro-analysis because it goes to the bottom of just about everything from what each social symbol means, to how one symbol is used differently from one social group to the next.
In this case, a second language learning program would be best analyzed under this perspective because we want ensure that both, the native and the target language are understood textually and contextually from beginning to end. Understanding verbal, non-verbal, and symbolic communication is imperative for the complete understanding of a second language. It is also a useful tool to go to when in doubt, and a formidable skill to teach future language instructions.
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