In sociolinguistics, what's the nature of English and what's its nature nowadays?I need evidences about the origin of the English language.

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marbar57 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

The English language originated from a group of people called Celts, who inhabited the British Isles for several hundred years.  The Celts were conquered first by the Romans, and then later by Germanic tribes, both of whom introduced many words to the original Celtic language. 

It was the Germanic peoples who influenced the English language the most.  They were called Angles and Saxons, and their speech, Anglo-Saxon formed the basis for modern-day English.

Then, along came William the Conqueror in 1066 A.D., and the English tongue absorbed many French words, making it richer, fuller, and more powerful.  But England lacked a standard English tongue.  It was Geoffrey Chaucer, the famous poet, who made the Midland dialect the standard form of speech and the parent of today's English.

Modern English as we know it today contains words of Greek, Latin, Italian, Spanish, North American Indian, West Indian, Chinese, African, and Australian, not to mention words of local origin throughout the various regions of English-speaking countries.  Advances in technology have brought in scientific words, and wars have introduced many new, original words.  Then, too, many words have become obsolete and died out through the centuries.

But, suffice it to say, because of the blending of native and foreign words, scholars generally admit that English is the strongest language spoken in the world today!