Social protests are used by groups that:
A. have no respect for the law.
B. are in a hurry to bring change and do not want to use more traditional methods.
C. are shut out of more traditional avenues of political action.
D. have the sympathy of the public.
E. know how to use social media to further their cause.
The best answer to this question is Option C. Social protests are generally known as a weapon of the weak. The strong do not need to use social protest. The strong typically do not want to use social protest because it is not a type of political action that is very likely to gain its goals.
Social protests are typically not that good at achieving their goals. Partly, this is because they can easily make people angry. Social protest movements are noisy and transgressive. They do things that inconvenience people. When a protest movement, for example, conducts a march, it typically blocks streets. Think about the “Occupy” movement that began in 2011. This movement annoyed many people by blocking parks and by the tactics that the movement used to get attention.
If you are trying to achieve change, it is not helpful to make people angry. Therefore, groups that have other choices will use tactics other than social protest. They will use tactics that directly appeal to government and which do not antagonize people. For these reasons Option C is the best answer.