Since Brutus has no personal grudge against Caesar, of what must he convince himself before he can take part in Caesar's assassination?  

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Brutus's most prominent character trait is his nobility and honorable nature. After Cassius requests that Brutus join the conspirators, Brutus struggles to decide whether or not he should participate in Julius Caesar's assassination. At the beginning of act two, scene one, Brutus expresses his personal thoughts regarding Julius Caesar in a revealing soliloquy. Brutus begins his soliloquy by mentioning that he has no personal vendetta or grudge against Julius Caesar and wonders if Caesar will develop into a tyrant if he is crowned king. Brutus then questions Caesar's ambition and admits that Caesar may be pretending to be humble in order to advance his own political agenda. He is aware that once Caesar is crowned king, the authority and power can quickly go to Caesar's head and influence him to rule as a tyrant. Therefore, it is important for Brutus to convince himself that Caesar's ambition will endanger the Roman populace and disband the Republic. Brutus ends up comparing Julius Caesar to a "serpent’s egg—Which, hatched, would as his kind grow mischievous—And kill him in the shell" (2.1.32–33). Overall, it is important for Brutus to convince himself that Julius Caesar is an ambitious politician, who will develop into a tyrant if given the opportunity, which will endanger and oppress the Roman populace.

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In Shakespeare's Julius Caesar, Brutus is the conspirator that is also a noble Roman and has the good of Rome in mind.  The other conspirators appear to be motivated by ambition or envy or greed--at least the ones we get information about.

Brutus, as you say, does not have a personal grudge against Caesar.  What Brutus must convince himself of is that Caesar may become a tyrant and turn Rome, if he is crowned emperor, into a dictatorship instead of a republic.

Brutus weighs the possibilities and ultimately decides that the risk is not worth taking.  He will not take the chance that Caesar will become emperor and then a tyrant.  He joins the conspirators in assassinating Caesar.

Brutus may be wrong or he may be right, but given the terrible decisions he makes throughout the rest of the play, one might suspect he decides in error here, as well.

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