Expert Answers
sciencesolve eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Notice that `70^o`   and `20^o`  are complementary angles since the sum measures `90^o` : `20^o+70^o = 90^o.`

You may write `20^o = 90^o - 70^o` , hence `sin 20^o = sin (90^o - 70^o).` You should use the following formula to expand `sin(90^o - 70^o) ` such that:

`sin(alpha - beta) = sinalpha*cos beta - sin beta*cos alpha`

`sin (90^o - 70^o) = sin 90^o*cos 70^o - sin 70^o * cos 90^o`

Since `sin 90^o = 1`  and `cos 90^o = 0`  then `sin (90^o - 70^o) =cos 70^o.`

Since `sin 20^o = sin (90^o - 70^o) ` and `sin (90^o - 70^o) = cos 70^o,`  then`sin 20^o = cos 70^o = 0.2.`

rcmath eNotes educator| Certified Educator

The co-function identity give you `cos(Pi/2-x)=sinx`

Using degree measure that implies cos(90-x)=sinx, thus

cos(70)=cos(90-20)=sin(20)=0.2