Canada's early national policy was similar to the U.S.'s early policy: destruction of indigenous structures of leadership and governance; imposition of Western institutions (education etc) to force assimilation into Westernized socio-cultural standards; destruction of indigenous religious/spiritualistic practices to eliminate conflict with Christianity.
Canada's current policy has taken a 360 degree turn as expressed in "The Government of Canada's Approach to Implementation of the Inherent Right and the Negotiation of Aboriginal Self-Government" as updated in 2010. Now, Canada recognizes self-governance of indigenous peoples as an inherent (nonnegotiable, inalienable) right. This recognition is expressed in this document as follows:
Part I - Policy Framework
The Inherent Right of Self-Government is a Section 35 Right
The Government of Canada recognizes the inherent right of self-government as an existing Aboriginal right under section 35 of the Constitution Act, 1982. It recognizes, as well, that the inherent right may find expression in treaties, and in the context of the Crown's relationship with treaty First Nations. Recognition of the inherent right is based on the view that the Aboriginal peoples of Canada have the right to govern themselves in relation to matters that are internal to their communities, integral to their unique cultures, identities, traditions, languages and institutions, and with respect to their special relationship to their land and their resources.