What is the significance of the play within the play Pyramus and Thisby in A Midsummer Night's Dream?  

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This play within a play, performed by a comically bumbling set of lower class actors, provides a commentary on the main action of A Midsummer's Night Dream. Broadly speaking, the play's theme is an exploration love in its many manifestations, with an emphasis on love's irrationality. The players, in Pyramis and Thisbe, show yet another version of love, in this case thwarted love that ends badly, in contrast to the forbidden love of Hermia and Lysander that ends well. The play within a play, though performed as farce, suggests, however obliquely, that love does not always have the happy ending provided by the "real" story of the play. Hermia and Lysander's story could also have ended tragically. Used as a play to celebrate marriage, Pyramis and Thisbe, may as well hint, again subtly, that despite all the joyous weddings, all may not always go well...

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