Show that the points A(-1,2), B(5,2) & C(2,5) are the vertices of an isosceles triangle. Find the area of triangle ABC.

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Let us calulate the length of the triangle sides:

AB = sqrt[(2-2)^2 + (5+1)^2]= sqrt(36) = 6

BC = sqrt[(5-2)^2 + (2-5)^2]= sqrt18 = 3sqrt2

AC = sqrt[(5-2)^2 + (2+1)^2 = sqrt18 = 3sqrt2

We notice that BC = AC = 3sqrt2

Then ABC is an isoscale triangle.

Now The...

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Let us calulate the length of the triangle sides:

AB = sqrt[(2-2)^2 + (5+1)^2]= sqrt(36) = 6

BC = sqrt[(5-2)^2 + (2-5)^2]= sqrt18 = 3sqrt2

AC = sqrt[(5-2)^2 + (2+1)^2 = sqrt18 = 3sqrt2

We notice that BC = AC = 3sqrt2

Then ABC is an isoscale triangle.

Now The area:

We know that the area a= (1/2)base * height

height is CD where D in the midpoint of AB

==> CD^2 = BC^2 - (AB/2)^2

==> CD = sqrt(18 - 9) = sqrt9 = 3

  ==> a = (1/2)AB * CD

             = (1/2)*6 * 3

              = 3*3

==> area (a) = 9

Approved by eNotes Editorial Team
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By definition, an isosceles triangle is one that has two congruent (equal) angles. To prove two angles equal on the triangle ABC, let us consider the definition of tangent:

tanx = opposite/adjacent = h/a

Noting that the y values for points A and B are equal, the height is the distance from point C to the line y = 2:

h = 5 - 2 = 3

The distance AB = 5 - -1 = 6

Let D be the point through C perpendicular to AB; i.e. the line x = 2.

AD = 2 - -1 = 3   ; DB = 5 - 2 = 3

(note that a triangle with perpendicular bisector is isosceles. But proof by definition follows)

The tangent of angle CAB = h/AD = 3/3 = 1

The tangent of angle CBA = h/DB = 3/3 = 1

Therefore the angles are congruent, and the triangle is isosceles.

 

The definition of the Area of a triangle is half base times height. We know both from above:

h = 3, AB = 6

0.5*h*AB = 9

Approved by eNotes Editorial Team