Show how the children benefit from education/life lessons taught by three secondary characters in To Kill a Mockingbird. Can you help explain what lessons and examples of how they benefited?
Dolphus Raymond. Mr. Raymond is scorned by most of Maycomb's white community because of his black mistress, "mixed children," and apparent public drunkenness. But Scout and Dill learn several lessons from "this sinful man." First, they learn that appearances can be deceiving. Raymond is no drunk; he simply chooses to stagger about the town with a bottle hidden in a paper sack--a bottle of Coca-Cola, not whiskey. He does so because it helps others to believe he is in "the clutches of whiskey," knowing that they will "never understand that I live like I do because that's the way I want to live." The children also learn that he thinks highly of Atticus--"you don't know your pa's not a run-of-the-mill man..."--and that he cries "about the hell white people give colored folks without even stopping to think that they're people, too."
Calpurnia. Scout has already learned to write cursive from Cal, but Cal also gives her a lesson in manners after Scout is rude to her dinner guest, Walter Cunningham Jr. Cal insists that "anybody sets foot in this house's yo' comp'ny..." Jem and Scout also learn about Cal's "modest double life" among her black friends and how she talks and acts quite differently with them than she does in the Finch house because "They'd think I was puttin' on airs to beat Moses."
Miss Maudie. Miss Maudie never talks down to the children like many of the other women in the novel, and the children consider her "our friend." She explains why "it's a sin to kill a mockingbird," and how Atticus's humility prevents him from bragging about his marksmanship skills. She is one of Atticus's most loyal friends, and she makes it clear to the children how important he is to the Maycomb community.