As the question is about the use of taxation as a means to bring more equality in income and wealth it would not be possible to do that by a uniform increase in the tax rates for everyone. The present slabs for the percent of income that has to be paid as tax makes use of an increasing rate of income tax. People with an income in the lowest slab pay only 10% of their income as tax while those with an income lying in the uppermost slab pay 35% of their income as tax.
If the government's intention is to transfer wealth from those that earn the most to those that live in poverty, the tax rates for the lower income slabs should be decreased and that for higher income slabs increased. There can also be a change made in the income slabs themselves so that a lower rate applies for a higher income level.
Taxation though is not merely a means of wealth transfer, it provides the government with the resources to function and help the society progress and the economy grow. This makes the taxation policy that is adopted very complex in nature.