Perhaps the question should be about how much co-operative learning should be used with all groups. For, there is no question that a certain co-operative learning experiences benefit all ages. The Office of Research of Consumer Guide reports:
Documented results include improved academic achievement, improved behavior and attendance, increased self-confidence and motivation, and increased liking of school and classmates.
Thus, for all age groups, the socialization and the direction from others are beneficial. Younger children seem to have learning results with all members in their group whereas with high school students, there are sometimes members of the group who already have social skills and are more independent workers, and are very bright and creative and easily capable of higher-level thinking on their own; therefore, they really do not benefit much from the co-operative venture. In fact, many of the more creative students, especially older ones, resent being made to work with others because they do more than their share, and some indolent students just want to benefit from the efforts of others without making any contribution of their own. Thus, creating an environment in which co-operative learning can occur is sometimes difficult for high school teachers.