In the short story "The Ones Who Walk Away from Omelas," how do symbol, allegory, and fantasy play a role in the story?

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The suffering child in the story can be interpreted as a symbol of "otherness," of someone (or, allegorically, as a group) who is thought of as less than the privileged majority. In the story, people think of the child as "feeble minded" and assuage their consciences by considering that the child's life could never be full anyway. This is, of course, what they want to believe, and so they find reasons to believe it because it makes their knowledge of the child's suffering easier to live with, even justifiable. In this way, they are able to convince themselves that the child is fundamentally different from themselves and therefore less deserving of the privilege that they, themselves, enjoy. The majority enjoys a fantasy life, which represents the fantasy that the majority (in reality) often feels would be possible were it not for whatever "other" group is ruining or would ruin it.

What is unique about LeGuin's story, "The Ones Who Walk Away from Omelas " is the fact that she does not...

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