Arguably, every aspect of "The Story of An Hour" is minimal and short-lived. First, there is no overuse of language or stylistic devices. As the title suggests, the story itself is quite short. Also, a quick look at all the other short-lived and minimally described elements of this story lets us know that Chopin is writing for something other than mere literary entertainment. She wants to make a point.
Short-lived elements (regarding Louise Mallard):
- her happiness : she only gets to experience it while she thought her husband died.
- her dreams: they surfaced as soon as she felt that she was finally free.
- her hopes: same as her dreams.
- her life: she is relatively young.
- her emotions: we only see the phrase, "yet, she loved him," but when did she?
- the home: like your question states, minimal description is provided.
- the husband: we only know that his name is Brent and that he is a relatively decent man.
- her family: we know very little of her background or upbringing.
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