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1. Created a revolution.
2. The leadership formed with Lenin leading the group.
3. The Bolsheviks kicked out the Mensheviks and disallowed them part in the party. The Mensheviks were the more moderate of the two groups in the COmmunist party.
4. Lenin had a cult-like following. Some scholars feel that this allowed him more power.
5. At the death of Lenin, Stalin started purges that brought the Communist party in fear of him and brought more unity because of the fear of the party and Stalin's purges.
Here are the steps the Communists took to turn Russia in to a centralized state ruled by a single party:
- 1903: There is a meeting of the Russian Social-Democratic Labor Party (RSDLP). During this meeting, the Party splits into two groups: Mensheviks and Bolsheviks.
- February 1917: Workers strikes and mutinies in the army break out, in part in reaction to Czar Nicholas II's inability to provide material and guns for Russian soldiers fighting in World War I and in part in reaction to food riots.
- The czar abdicates in March 1917.
- Lenin returns from hiding in April of 1917.
- Lenin leads a failed coup attempt against the Provisional Government in July of 1917. By the fall, the Bolsheviks and their allies compose the majority of the soviets, or city governments, in Moscow and Petrograd.
- Lenin takes over in October of 1917 in the October Revolution. He puts the Council of People's Commissars (abbreviated as Sovnarkom), which he is in charge of, in control of Russia. This organization is composed mainly of Bolsheviks. The Bolsheviks form the Cheka, or secret police, to consolidate their power and eliminate their opposition.
- March 1918: Lenin signs the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk with Germany, taking Russia out of the war (a move that was popular with the Russian people), and Lenin forms the Communist Party.
- In June of 1918, the Russian Civil War begins and ends in 1920 with a Bolshevik victory over other socialists and over "Whites" (non-Communists).
- In July of 1918, the Bolsheviks execute Nicholas II and his family.
- 1922: Lenin forms the USSR. Stalin becomes the general secretary.
- 1924: Stalin dies; Lenin eventually takes over.
- 1928: Stalin exiles Trotsky, an architect of the Russian Revolution, first to remote Central Asia and then out of Russia. Trotsky is later killed in Mexico in 1940.
- The October Revolution was the acquisition of state power by the Bolsheviks. The aim for this revolution was to take over power from the Tsar, nobles and aristocrats who had created an autocratic government. Afterward the revolution's power was distributed among the community councils (Soviet) that had been established to challenge the regime.
- Elections and the establishment of a soviet state under Lenin: the Congress of Soviets elected government officials and established the Russian Socialite Federative Soviet Republic. Vladimir Lenin through his leadership of the revolution took the reins of the government with resistance from the Mensheviks.
- Lenin’s leadership: Lenin based his leadership on Marxist theory and he was followed by very strong supporters who established the first socialist state.
- Joseph Stalin: Stalin took over leadership, formalizing Lenin’s Marxist based ideology.
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