In the sentence, "The wait for the jury's decision was agonizing,"  what part of speech is "agonizing"? no

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In accord with post #2 agonizing is a present participle = part of speech  Its syntax (use) in the sentence is as a Predicate Adjective. 

Present Participles are the 2nd of the 4 principal parts of verbs in the English language.  These present participles can be used as part of a verb phrase (e.g. Maurice is agonizing over his decision of whether or not to marry Helena.) or they can be used as gerunds (e.g. Agonizing over things is not good for our health.) or as verbals (e.g. Agonizing over his actions, Paul cannot bear to remain in his old life). Or, finally, they can be used as adjectives as in the sentence under question. (It was an agonizing situation) or "The wait for the jury's decision was agonizing.

Subject = wait + Predicate= was + Predicate Adjective = agonizing

 

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"Agonizing" is a participle, a verb form that is being used as an adjective in this sentence.  There are present tense participles and past tense participles, and both function as adjectives.  One way to test for this is to take the participle and see if you can use it to describe the noun.  For example, in your sentence, it is possible to say,

There was an agonized wait for the decision.

Here is an example of a past participle that functions as an adjective:

The crowd was shaken by the explosion.

We are able to say,

The shaken crowd waited for another explosion.

 

 

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